Class: QgsRasterLayer

class qgis.core.QgsRasterLayer

Bases: QgsMapLayer

Constructor. Provider is not set.

QgsRasterLayer(uri: str, baseName: str = ‘’, providerType: str = ‘’, options: QgsRasterLayer.LayerOptions = QgsRasterLayer.LayerOptions()) This is the constructor for the RasterLayer class.

The main tasks carried out by the constructor are:

  • Load the rasters default style (.qml) file if it exists

  • Populate the RasterStatsVector with initial values for each band.

  • Calculate the layer extents

  • Determine whether the layer is gray, paletted or multiband.

  • Assign sensible defaults for the red, green, blue and gray bands.

Represents a raster layer.

A QgsRasterLayer is instantiated by specifying the name of a data provider, such as “gdal” or “wms”, and a url defining the specific data set to connect to. The raster layer constructor in turn instantiates a QgsRasterDataProvider subclass corresponding to the provider type, and passes it the url. The data provider connects to the data source.

Sample usage of the QgsRasterLayer class:

        my_raster_layer = QgsRasterLayer("/path/to/file.tif", "my layer")

.. autoautosummary:: qgis.core.QgsRasterLayer
    :enums:
    :nosignatures:

.. autoautosummary:: qgis.core.QgsRasterLayer
    :methods:
    :nosignatures:

.. autoautosummary:: qgis.core.QgsRasterLayer
    :signals:
    :nosignatures:

.. autoautosummary:: qgis.core.QgsRasterLayer
    :attributes:
ColorLayer = 3
ColorRampShader = 3
class ColorShadingAlgorithm

Bases: int

FreakOutShader = 2
GrayOrUndefined = 0
class LayerOptions(loadDefaultStyle: bool = True, transformContext: QgsCoordinateTransformContext = QgsCoordinateTransformContext())

Bases: sip.wrapper

Constructor for LayerOptions.

QgsRasterLayer.LayerOptions(QgsRasterLayer.LayerOptions)

Parameters
loadDefaultStyle
skipCrsValidation
transformContext
class LayerType

Bases: int

MULTIPLE_BAND_MULTI_BYTE_ENHANCEMENT_ALGORITHM = 1
MULTIPLE_BAND_MULTI_BYTE_MIN_MAX_LIMITS = 3
MULTIPLE_BAND_SINGLE_BYTE_ENHANCEMENT_ALGORITHM = 0
MULTIPLE_BAND_SINGLE_BYTE_MIN_MAX_LIMITS = 1
Multiband = 2
Palette = 1
PseudoColorShader = 1
SAMPLE_SIZE = 250000.0
SINGLE_BAND_ENHANCEMENT_ALGORITHM = 1
SINGLE_BAND_MIN_MAX_LIMITS = 1
UndefinedShader = 0
UserDefinedShader = 4
accept(self, visitor: QgsStyleEntityVisitorInterface) → bool
Parameters

visitor (QgsStyleEntityVisitorInterface) –

Return type

bool

appendError(self, error: QgsErrorMessage)

Add error message

bandCount(self) → int

Returns the number of bands in this layer.

Return type

int

bandName(self, bandNoInt: int) → str

Returns the name of a band given its number.

Parameters

bandNoInt (int) –

Return type

str

brightnessFilter(self)QgsBrightnessContrastFilter

Returns the raster’s brightness/contrast filter.

See also

resampleFilter()

Return type

QgsBrightnessContrastFilter

childEvent(self, QChildEvent)
clone(self)QgsRasterLayer

Returns a new instance equivalent to this one. A new provider is created for the same data source and renderer is cloned too.

Return type

QgsRasterLayer

Returns

a new layer instance

New in version 3.0.

connectNotify(self, QMetaMethod)
constDataProvider(self)QgsRasterDataProvider

Returns the source data provider.

This will be None if the layer is invalid.

Return type

QgsRasterDataProvider

createMapRenderer(self, rendererContext: QgsRenderContext)QgsMapLayerRenderer
Parameters

rendererContext (QgsRenderContext) –

Return type

QgsMapLayerRenderer

customEvent(self, QEvent)
dataProvider(self)QgsRasterDataProvider

Returns the source data provider.

This will be None if the layer is invalid.

Return type

QgsRasterDataProvider

decodedSource(self, source: str, provider: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext) → str
Parameters
Return type

str

disconnectNotify(self, QMetaMethod)
draw(self, theQPainter: QPainter, myRasterViewPort: QgsRasterViewPort, qgsMapToPixel: QgsMapToPixel = None)

This is an overloaded version of the draw() function that is called by both draw() and thumbnailAsPixmap

Parameters
encodedSource(self, source: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext) → str
Parameters
Return type

str

hasDependencyCycle(self, Iterable[QgsMapLayerDependency]) → bool

Checks whether a new set of dependencies will introduce a cycle this method is now deprecated and always return False, because circular dependencies are now correctly managed.

Deprecated since version QGIS: 3.10

height(self) → int

Returns the height of the (unclipped) raster.

See also

width()

Return type

int

htmlMetadata(self) → str
Return type

str

hueSaturationFilter(self)QgsHueSaturationFilter

Returns the raster’s hue/saturation filter.

See also

resampleFilter()

Return type

QgsHueSaturationFilter

ignoreExtents(self) → bool

If the ignoreExtent flag is set, the layer will also render outside the bounding box reported by the data provider. To be used for example for WMS layers with labels or symbology that happens to be drawn outside the data extent.

New in version 3.10.

Return type

bool

isSignalConnected(self, QMetaMethod) → bool
isSpatial(self) → bool
Return type

bool

isValidRasterFileName(fileNameQString: str, retError: str) → bool

This helper checks to see whether the file name appears to be a valid raster file name. If the file name looks like it could be valid, but some sort of error occurs in processing the file, the error is returned in retError.

isValidRasterFileName(fileNameQString: str) -> bool

Parameters
  • fileNameQString (str) –

  • retError (str) –

Return type

bool

lastModified(name: str) → QDateTime

Returns time stamp for given file name

Parameters

name (str) –

Return type

QDateTime

legendSymbologyItems(self) → List[Tuple[str, QColor]]

Returns a list with classification items (Text and color)

Return type

List[Tuple[str, QColor]]

paletteAsPixmap(self, bandNumber: int = 1) → QPixmap

Returns a 100x100 pixmap of the color palette. If the layer has no palette a white pixmap will be returned

Parameters

bandNumber (int = 1) – the number of the band to use for generating a pixmap of the associated palette

Return type

QPixmap

pipe(self)QgsRasterPipe

Returns the raster pipe.

Return type

QgsRasterPipe

previewAsImage(self, size: QSize, bgColor: Union[QColor, Qt.GlobalColor, QGradient] = Qt.white, format: QImage.Format = QImage.Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied) → QImage

Draws a preview of the rasterlayer into a QImage

New in version 2.4.

Parameters
  • size (QSize) –

  • bgColor (Union[QColor) –

  • format (QImage.Format = QImage.Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied) –

Return type

QImage

providerType(self) → str

[ data provider interface ] Which provider is being used for this Raster Layer?

Return type

str

rasterType(self)QgsRasterLayer.LayerType

Returns the raster layer type (which is a read only property).

Return type

QgsRasterLayer.LayerType

rasterUnitsPerPixelX(self) → float

Returns the number of raster units per each raster pixel in X axis.

In a world file, this is normally the first row (without the sign). (E.g. the value reported by the GDAL geotransform[1]).

Return type

float

rasterUnitsPerPixelY(self) → float

Returns the number of raster units per each raster pixel in Y axis.

In a world file, this is normally the first row (without the sign).

Return type

float

readCommonStyle(self, layerElement: QDomElement, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories)

Read style data common to all layer types

New in version 3.0.

readCustomProperties(self, layerNode: QDomNode, keyStartsWith: str = '')

Read custom properties from project file.

Parameters
  • layerNode – note to read from

  • keyStartsWith – reads only properties starting with the specified string (or all if the string is empty)

readStyle(self, node: QDomNode, errorMessage: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool

readStyleManager(self, layerNode: QDomNode)

Read style manager’s configuration (if any). To be called by subclasses.

readSymbology(self, node: QDomNode, errorMessage: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool

readXml(self, layer_node: QDomNode, context: QgsReadWriteContext) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool

receivers(self, PYQT_SIGNAL) → int
reload(self)
renderer(self)QgsRasterRenderer

Returns the raster’s renderer.

See also

setRenderer()

Return type

QgsRasterRenderer

resampleFilter(self)QgsRasterResampleFilter

Returns the raster’s resample filter.

Return type

QgsRasterResampleFilter

resamplingStage(self)QgsRasterPipe.ResamplingStage

Returns which stage of the pipe should apply resampling.

New in version 3.16.

Return type

QgsRasterPipe.ResamplingStage

sender(self) → QObject
senderSignalIndex(self) → int
setContrastEnhancement(self, algorithm: QgsContrastEnhancement.ContrastEnhancementAlgorithm, limits: QgsRasterMinMaxOrigin.Limits = QgsRasterMinMaxOrigin.MinMax, extent: QgsRectangle = QgsRectangle(), sampleSize: int = QgsRasterLayer.SAMPLE_SIZE, generateLookupTableFlag: bool = True)

Set contrast enhancement algorithm

Parameters
  • algorithm (QgsContrastEnhancement.ContrastEnhancementAlgorithm) – Contrast enhancement algorithm

  • limits (QgsRasterMinMaxOrigin.Limits = QgsRasterMinMaxOrigin.MinMax) – Limits

  • extent (QgsRectangle = QgsRectangle()) – Extent used to calculate limits, if empty, use full layer extent

  • sampleSize (int = QgsRasterLayer.SAMPLE_SIZE) – Size of data sample to calculate limits, if 0, use full resolution

  • generateLookupTableFlag (bool = True) – Generate lookup table.

setDataProvider(self, provider: str)

Set the data provider.

Deprecated since version Use: the version with ProviderOptions instead.

setDataProvider(self, provider: str, options: QgsDataProvider.ProviderOptions, flags: Union[QgsDataProvider.ReadFlags, QgsDataProvider.ReadFlag] = QgsDataProvider.ReadFlags()) Set the data provider.

Parameters
  • provider (str) – provider key string, must match a valid QgsRasterDataProvider key. E.g. “gdal”, “wms”, etc.

  • options – provider options

  • flags – provider flags since QGIS 3.16

New in version 3.2.

setDataSource(self, dataSource: str, baseName: str, provider: str, options: QgsDataProvider.ProviderOptions, loadDefaultStyleFlag: bool = False)

Updates the data source of the layer. The layer’s renderer and legend will be preserved only if the geometry type of the new data source matches the current geometry type of the layer.

Parameters
  • dataSource (str) – new layer data source

  • baseName (str) – base name of the layer

  • provider (str) – provider string

  • options (QgsDataProvider.ProviderOptions) – provider options

  • loadDefaultStyleFlag (bool = False) – set to True to reset the layer’s style to the default for the data source

See also

dataSourceChanged()

New in version 3.6.

setDefaultContrastEnhancement(self)

Sets the default contrast enhancement

setError(self, error: QgsError)

Sets error message

setExtent(self, rect: QgsRectangle)

Sets the extent

setLayerOrder(self, layers: Iterable[str])
Parameters

layers (Iterable[str]) –

setProviderType(self, providerType: str)

Sets the providerType (provider key)

setRenderer(self, renderer: QgsRasterRenderer)

Sets the raster’s renderer. Takes ownership of the renderer object.

See also

renderer()

Parameters

renderer (QgsRasterRenderer) –

setResamplingStage(self, stage: QgsRasterPipe.ResamplingStage)

Select which stage of the pipe should apply resampling.

New in version 3.16.

Parameters

stage (QgsRasterPipe.ResamplingStage) –

setSubLayerVisibility(self, name: str, vis: bool)
Parameters
  • name (str) –

  • vis (bool) –

setSubsetString(self, subset: str) → bool

Sets the string (typically sql) used to define a subset of the layer

Parameters

subset (str) – The subset string. This may be the where clause of a sql statement or other definition string specific to the underlying dataprovider and data store.

Return type

bool

Returns

True, when setting the subset string was successful, False otherwise

New in version 3.12.

setTransformContext(self, transformContext: QgsCoordinateTransformContext)

Sets the coordinate transform context to transformContext

New in version 3.8.

Parameters

transformContext (QgsCoordinateTransformContext) –

setValid(self, valid: bool)

Sets whether layer is valid or not

showStatusMessage(self, message: str)
Parameters

message (str) –

subLayers(self) → List[str]
Return type

List[str]

subsetString(self) → str

Returns the string (typically sql) used to define a subset of the layer.

Return type

str

Returns

The subset string or null QString if not implemented by the provider

New in version 3.12.

subsetStringChanged

Emitted when the layer’s subset string has changed.

New in version 3.12: [signal]

temporalProperties(self)QgsMapLayerTemporalProperties
Return type

QgsMapLayerTemporalProperties

timerEvent(self, QTimerEvent)
timestamp(self) → QDateTime
Return type

QDateTime

width(self) → int

Returns the width of the (unclipped) raster.

See also

height()

Return type

int

writeCommonStyle(self, layerElement: QDomElement, document: QDomDocument, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories)

Write style data common to all layer types

New in version 3.0.

writeCustomProperties(self, layerNode: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument)

Write custom properties to project file.

writeSld(self, node: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument, errorMessage: str, props: Dict[str, str] = {}) → bool

Writes the symbology of the layer into the document provided in SLD 1.0.0 format

Parameters
  • node (QDomNode) – the node that will have the style element added to it.

  • doc (QDomDocument) – the document that will have the QDomNode added.

  • errorMessage (str) – reference to string that will be updated with any error messages

  • props (Dict[str) – a open ended set of properties that can drive/inform the SLD encoding

Return type

bool

Returns

True in case of success

New in version 3.6.

writeStyle(self, node: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument, errorMessage: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool

writeStyleManager(self, layerNode: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument)

Write style manager’s configuration (if exists). To be called by subclasses.

writeSymbology(self, a0: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument, errorMessage: str, context: QgsReadWriteContext, categories: Union[QgsMapLayer.StyleCategories, QgsMapLayer.StyleCategory] = QgsMapLayer.AllStyleCategories) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool

writeXml(self, layer_node: QDomNode, doc: QDomDocument, context: QgsReadWriteContext) → bool
Parameters
Return type

bool