Instaladores QGIS

Como obter o QGIS?

O QGIS está disponível gratuitamente para Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD, e Android.

Nós recomendamos a instalação de pacotes do nosso software lançado.

Para avaliar os lançamentos que estão para sair e permitir que não programadores suporte o desenvolvimento nós fornecemos também pacotes de teste (repare no aviso).

Na fase de paragem de funcionalidades precedente ao lançamento (veja Calendário de lançamento) testes pacotes são efectivamente pré-lançamentos, que recomendamos fortemente aos utilizadores para testar.

Windows

Para instaladores Windows por favor vá à Página dos instaladores principais.

Para novos utilizadores recomendamos os instaladores independentes.

For more advanced QGIS users you can use OSGeo4W packages, which make it possible to install several versions in parallel.

O repositório do OSGeo4W contém diversos softwares provenientes de projectos da OSGeo. O QGIS e todas as suas dependências estão incluídas, juntamente com o Python, GRASS, GDAL, etc. O instalador permite instalar pela internet ou transferir todos os pacotes necessários de antemão. Os ficheiros transferidos são mantidos numa directoria local para instalações futuras. Os passos são:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer (32 bit or 64 bit) and start it

  • Selecione Instalação Avançada,

  • navigate to the Desktop section

  • and pick one or more of the following packages:

    Lançamento Versão Pacote Descrição
    Latest Release 3.0.x Girona ​ qgis Lançamento
    qgis-rel-dev [1] Nightly build of the upcoming point release
    Long Term Release Repository 2.18.x Las Palmas LTR qgis-ltr Lançamento
    qgis-ltr-dev [2] Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release
    Desenvolvimento 3.1 master qgis-dev [3] Nightly build of the development version
[1]Latest release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[2]Latest long-term release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[3]Master nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit

For users that cannot use OSGeo4W for some reason or just prefer it there is also a weekly snapshot of qgis-dev from OSGeo4W as standalone installer (taken on monday). In the feature freeze phase that also acts as release candidate.

Repare no aviso.

Nota

Não faça uma instalação cega completa do OSGeo4W. Apenas instale o QGIS e alguns componentes que quer. As dependências serão incluídas automaticamente. Uma instalação completa dos pedidos dos componentes que requerem adições de terceiros, que necessitam de ser instalados manualmente. Esses componentes renderizam a instalação instável sem essas adições.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you’ll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Abaixo encontra instruções de instalação por distribuição. Para a maioria das distribuições existem instruções para instalar o QGIS estável e instruções para instalar uma compilação para teste da versão de ponta do QGIS (repare no aviso).

Debian/Ubuntu

Default Debian and Ubuntu software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories, by adding one of the deb-lines below to your /etc/apt/sources.list file.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which holds more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Nota

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,
  • wait for the next point release (due 2018-04-20 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,
  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or
  • build your own set of packages (see INSTALL).

Lines of packages:

Lançamento Versão Descrição Repositório
Latest Release 3.0.x Girona ​ Release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian
Release with ubuntugis dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release
Long Term Release Repository 2.18.x Las Palmas LTR Release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-ltr
Release with ubuntugis dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr
Development Version 3.1 master Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly
Nightly build with ubuntugis dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly
Next point release: 2018-04-20 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2018-06-22 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on Guia)

Supported distribution versions:

Distribution Versão Codename Also available based on ubuntugis dependencies? with 3D [6]
Debian 8.x jessie [4]    
9.x stretch    
10.x buster    
sid unstable    
Ubuntu 18.04 bionic   yes
17.10 artful   yes
16.04 (LTS) xenial [5] yes  
14.04 (LTS) trusty [4] yes  
[4](1, 2) only up to 2.18 LTR
[5]3.0 and above only available with ubuntugis (plain xenial lacks GDAL2)
[6]only with Qt >= 5.9 including Qt 3DExtras (the latter is currently not included in Debian)

Add the lines for one of the repositories to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian jessie:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian jessie main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian jessie main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis python-qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis-server python-qgis

Nota

Por favor, remova todos pacotes do QGIS e GRASS que possa ter instalado a partir de outros repositórios antes de efectuar a actualização.

Em caso de erro do servidor de chaves adicione a chave pública do repositório qgis.org no seu conjunto de chaves, digite:

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2017.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Should output:

pub   2048R/BDF7FB45 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]
      Key fingerprint = 61E0 A086 749E 463E DE50  2255 CAEB 3DC3 BDF7 FB45
uid                  QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2017) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>
sub   2048R/E959BBCF 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]

After you have verified the fingerprint you can add the key to apt with:

gpg --export --armor CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45 | sudo apt-key add -

Alternatively you can download the key from a keyserver and add the key to apt in one go (without manual fingerprint verification):

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Fedora

QGIS estável

Obtenha pacotes para qualquer versão Fedora, digitando:

sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-server

There is an alternative repository for QGIS which provides new LTR versions https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/neteler/QGIS-2.14-Essen/

sudo dnf copr enable neteler/liblas
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/grass70
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/QGIS-2.14-Essen

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-grass qgis-python

For QGIS 2.18 use there is another repository

sudo dnf copr enable neteler/liblas
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/grass70
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/QGIS-2.18-Las-Palmas

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-grass qgis-python

RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Experimente o repositório ELGIS: http://elgis.argeo.org/

Nota

ELGIS exige que o repositório EPEL esteja activado, consulte http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS#Note_about_Fedora.2C_ELGIS_and_EPEL

QGIS estável

A versão estável do QGIS pode ser instalada a partir de um repositório alternativo. O suporte Python é fortemente limitado devido a depêndencias antigas. Nota: é necessário, que o ELGIS e EPEL estejam também instalados.

sudo wget fedora.vitu.ch/EL/qgis.repo -P /etc/yum.repos.d/
sudo rpm --import http://fedora.vitu.ch/Fedora/RPM-GPG-Key-vitu
sudo yum update
sudo yum install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-mapserver

openSUSE

QGIS estável

Latest stable openSUSE package called qgis is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos os pacotes incluem o GRASS e suporte de Python.

QGIS LTR (Lançamento de Longo Prazo)

Long Term Release package for openSUSE called qgis-ltr is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos os pacotes incluem o GRASS e suporte de Python.

Versão de testes QGIS

A regularly updated development package from qgis master called qgis-master is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos os pacotes incluem o GRASS e suporte de Python.

Mandriva

QGIS estável

Actual:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

QGIS estável

Pacotes em http://qgis.gotslack.org

ArchLinux

Os utilizadores de Archlinux são encorajados a utilizar o Arch User Repository (AUR).

Informações acerca das versões disponíveis, erros e instruções específicas para o Archlinux podem ser encontradas em: https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/?O=0&K=qgis

Mac OS X / macOS

Installation instructions are in the ReadMe on the disk image.

QGIS current

The current QGIS package uses the python.org Python 3.6 - other distributions are not supported. Install packages in the numbered order. Especially note that Python must be installed before the GDAL Complete package, else the GDAL Python modules will not be installed and some GDAL tools will not function.

QGIS estável

The stable package uses the system Python 2.7 - other distributions are not supported. It also requires the NumPy and Matplotlib packages on the disk image. Install packages in the numbered order. If an older major version is being upgraded (2.16 or older), delete QGIS.app from your Applications folder before installing this version.

Other Python modules for plugins to use are available from kyngchaos.com.

FreeBSD

QGIS estável

Para compilar o QGIS a partir de pacotes binários digite

pkg install qgis

Versão de testes QGIS

Para compilar o QGIS das fontes no FreeBSD necessita de escrever

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

Repare no aviso.

Android

There is an experimental version available on google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Aviso

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

QGIS - Aviso de testes

Aviso

São fornecidos pacotes de teste para o QGIS em algumas plataformas, além da versão estável do QGIS, estão disponíveis versões de teste. Estas versões contêm software que ainda não foi lançado e no qual se está a trabalhar. Assim sendo, não existe suporte para as mesmas, que apenas se destinam a testar se determinados erros foram corrigidos ou se não foram introduzidos novos erros. A qualquer momento estas versões podem deixar de funcionar ou mesmo danificar os seus dados. Use por sua conta e risco. Considere-se avisado!

Installing from Source

Refer to the INSTALL guide on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.