QGIS 安裝檔

如何取得 QGIS?

QGIS 可在 Windows、Linux、Mac OS X、BSD 和 Android 上免費使用。

我們建議安裝包裹釋出的軟體。

為了評估接下的釋出,以及讓非開發者能夠支援開發工作,我們也提供測試包裏 (注意警告訊息...)

未來在釋出前有冷凍期間 (請見 :ref:QGIS-release-schedule`),這些包裏無疑是 釋出前,強烈建議使用者拿來測試

Windows

要找 Windows 安裝檔,請到 主要安裝頁面

新使用者我們建議使用獨立安裝檔案。

For more advanced QGIS users you can use OSGeo4W packages, which make it possible to install several versions in parallel.

The OSGeo4W repository contains a lot of software from OSGeo projects. QGIS and all dependencies are included, along with Python, GRASS, GDAL, etc. The installer is able to install from internet or just download all needed packages beforehand. The downloaded files are kept in a local directory for future installations. Steps are:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer (32 bit or 64 bit) and start it

  • Select Advanced Install,

  • navigate to the Desktop section

  • and pick one or more of the following packages:

    釋出

    版本

    包裏

    說明

    最新釋出

    3.18.x Zürich ​

    qgis

    釋出

    qgis-rel-dev 1 4

    接下來時點的 Nightly build

    長期維護版本儲藏庫

    3.16.x Hannover LTR

    qgis-ltr

    釋出

    qgis-ltr-dev 2 4

    Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release

    開發

    3.19 master

    qgis-dev 3 4

    Nightly build of the development version

1

Latest release nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit

2

Latest long-term release nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit

3

Master nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit

4(1,2,3)

Nightlies are debug builds (including debugging output)

Before installing any of the nightly builds note the warning.

Note

Don't blindly do a full install of OSGeo4W. Only install QGIS and maybe other components you like. Dependencies will be included automatically. A full install pulls in components that require third party additions, which need to be installed manually. These components render the installation unusable without those additions.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you'll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Below you find instructions to install per distribution. For most distro's there are instructions to install QGIS stable and instructions to install a cutting edge QGIS testing build (note the warning).

Debian/Ubuntu

Quickstart

Here you will simply install the latest stable QGIS (3.18.x Zürich) in your Debian or Ubuntu without having to edit config files.

Note

Although you see 'Debian' in some places, this also works for 'Ubuntu', as one is actually a symlink to the other on our server.

First install some tools you will need for this instructions:

sudo apt install gnupg software-properties-common

Now install the QGIS Signing Key, so QGIS software from the QGIS repo will be trusted and installed:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2020.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Add the QGIS repo for the latest stable QGIS (3.18.x Zürich).

Note: "lsb_release -c -s" in those lines will return your distro name:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://qgis.org/ubuntu $(lsb_release -c -s) main"

Update your repository information to reflect also the just added QGIS one:

sudo apt update

Now, install QGIS:

sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

Note

Add 'qgis-server' to this line if you also want to install QGIS Server

Repositories

Default Debian and Ubuntu software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories, by adding one of the deb-lines below to your /etc/apt/sources.list file.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also used to have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which held more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself for LTS versions. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Note

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis-unstable can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis-unstable moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,

  • wait for the next point release (due 2021-06-18 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,

  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or

  • build your own set of packages (see build-debian-packages).

Lines of packages:

釋出

版本

說明

外掛程式主機

最新釋出

3.18.x Zürich ​

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release

長期維護版本儲藏庫

3.16.x Hannover LTR

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr

開發版本

3.19 master

Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly

Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly

5(1,2,3,4,5,6)

nightlies are debug builds (including debug output)

Next point release: 2021-06-18 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2021-06-18 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on 路線圖)

支援的發行版:

發行版

版本

代號

Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies?

Debian

10.x

buster

sid

不穩定版

Ubuntu

20.10

groovy

20.04 (LTS)

focal

18.04 (LTS)

bionic

Add the lines for one of the repositories to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian unstable:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian unstable main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server, type:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis-server

Note

在升級之前,請先移除所有從其他軟體倉儲安裝的 QGIS 和 GRASS 套件。

In case of keyserver errors add the qgis.org repository public key to your apt keyring, type:

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2020.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint F7E06F06199EF2F2

Should output:

pub   rsa4096 2020-08-08 [SCEA] [expires: 2021-08-08]
      3987 7635 093F 2656 0197  11FA F7E0 6F06 199E F2F2
uid           [ultimate] QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2020) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>

After you have verified the fingerprint you can add the key to apt with:

gpg --export --armor F7E06F06199EF2F2 | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Alternatively you can download the key from a keyserver and add the key to apt in without manual fingerprint verification:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2020.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Fedora

Get packages for any Fedora by typing:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions or the latest LTR, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

QGIS 穩定版

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

發行版

版本

QGIS版本

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

32

3.18

7.8

33

3.18

7.8

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Long Term Release)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

發行版

版本

QGIS版本

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

32

3.16

7.8

33

3.16

7.8

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

RHEL, CentOS 及 Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Try the ELGIS repository: http://elgis.argeo.org/

SUSE / openSUSE

Latest stable and LTR packages called qgis and qgis-ltr are available in the following repositories:

Tumbleweed:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/

Leap 15.2:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.2/

Leap 15.1:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.1/

Factory ARM:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_ARM/

Factory PowerPC:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_PowerPC/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports debug:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports_debug/

所有套件都支援 GRASS 和 Python。

All openSUSE Geo repositories can be found here:

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/

Mandriva

QGIS 穩定版

Current:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

Arch Linux

QGIS 穩定版

Arch Linux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with :

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

QGIS Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

QGIS 測試版

QGIS testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Flatpak

There is an QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available, maintained by the flathub community.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

To install:

flatpak install --from  https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

On certain distributions, you may also need to install xdg-desktop-portal or xdg-desktop-portal-gtk packages in order for file dialogs to appear.

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis and report issues here: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis/issues

Note: if you need to install additional Python modules, because they are needed by a plugin, you can install the module with (here installing the urllib3 module):

flatpak run --command=pip3 org.qgis.qgis install urllib3 --user

Mac OS X / macOS

Official All-in-one, signed installers for macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer can be downloaded from the QGIS download page.

Alternative builds supporting macOS Sierra (10.12) and newer are available from kyngchaos.com

QGIS nightly release

A nightly updated standalone installer from QGIS master can be downloaded from here.

Old releases

Previous releases of the official installer can be downloaded from https://qgis.org/downloads/macOS/.

Previous releases of the kyngchaos installer can be downloaded from https://www.kyngchaos.com/software/archive/. The oldest installers support macOS 10.4 Tiger.

FreeBSD

QGIS 穩定版

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

QGIS LTR

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis-ltr

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis-ltr
make install clean

Android

An old and deprecated not touch optimised release of QGIS for Android can be found on the google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Warning

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

QGIS Testing warning

Warning

QGIS testing packages are provided for some platforms in addition to the QGIS stable version. QGIS testing contains unreleased software that is currently being worked on. They are only provided for testing purposes to early adopters to check if bugs have been resolved and that no new bugs have been introduced. Although we carefully try to avoid breakages, it may at any given time not work, or may do bad things to your data. Take care. You have been warned!

Installing from Source

Refer to INSTALL on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.