Pemasang (Installer) QGIS

Bagaimana cara mendapatkan QGIS?

QGIS tersedia secara bebas dan gratis di Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD. dan Android.

Kami menyarankan memasang paket perangkat lunak yang dirilis.

Mengevaluasi rilis mendatang dan memungkinkan non-pengembang mendukung pengembangan kami juga menyediakan paket pengujian (perhatikan warning).

Dalam fitur fase beku sebelum rilis (lihat Jadwal rilis) paket ini secara efektif pra-rilis, kami sangat mendesak pengguna untuk menguji.

Windows

Untuk pemasang (installer) Windows silakan ke Halaman utama pemasang (installer).

Untuk pengguna baru, kami merekomendasikan pemasang standalone.

For more advanced QGIS users you can use OSGeo4W packages, which make it possible to install several versions in parallel.

Repositori OSGeo4W berisi banyak perangkat lunak dari proyek OSGeo. QGIS dan semua dependensi yang disertakan, bersama dengan Python, GRASS, GDAL, dll. Pemasang/Installer dapat memasang dari internet atau hanya mengunduh semua paket yang dibutuhkan terlebih dahulu. Berkas yang diunduh disimpan di direktori lokal untuk instalasi mendatang. Langkah-langkahnya adalah:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer and start it

  • Pilih Pasang Lanjutan,

  • navigate to the Desktop section

  • and pick one or more of the following packages:

    Rilis

    Versi

    Package

    Deskripsi

    Latest Release

    3.20.x Odense ​

    qgis

    Rilis

    qgis-rel-dev 1

    Nightly build of the upcoming point release

    Long Term Release Repository

    3.16.x Hannover LTR

    qgis-ltr

    Rilis

    qgis-ltr-dev 1

    Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release

    Pengembangan

    3.21 master

    qgis-dev 1

    Nightly build of the development version

1(1,2,3)

Nightlies are debug builds (including debugging output)

Before installing any of the nightly builds note the warning.

Catatan

Jangan membabi buta melakukan instalasi penuh OSGeo4W. Hanya pasang QGIS dan mungkin komponen lain yang Anda suka. Ketergantungan akan dimasukkan secara otomatis. Memasang penuh menarik komponen yang memerlukan tambahan pihak ketiga, yang perlu dipasang secara manual. Komponen ini membuat instalasi tidak berguna tanpa tambahan tersebut.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you'll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Di bawah ini Anda menemukan petunjuk untuk memasang per distribusi. Bagi kebanyakan distro ada petunjuk untuk memasang QGIS stabil dan petunjuk untuk memasang QGIS ujicoba (perhatikan warning).

Debian/Ubuntu

Quickstart

Here you will simply install the latest stable QGIS (3.20.x Odense) in your Debian or Ubuntu without having to edit config files.

Catatan

Although you see 'Debian' in some places, this also works for 'Ubuntu', as one is actually a symlink to the other on our server.

First install some tools you will need for this instructions:

sudo apt install gnupg software-properties-common

Now install the QGIS Signing Key, so QGIS software from the QGIS repo will be trusted and installed:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Add the QGIS repo for the latest stable QGIS (3.20.x Odense).

Note: "lsb_release -c -s" in those lines will return your distro name:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://qgis.org/ubuntu $(lsb_release -c -s) main"

Update your repository information to reflect also the just added QGIS one:

sudo apt update

Now, install QGIS:

sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

Catatan

Add 'qgis-server' to this line if you also want to install QGIS Server

Repositori

Default Debian and Ubuntu software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories, by adding one of the deb-lines below to your /etc/apt/sources.list file.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also used to have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which held more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself for LTS versions. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Catatan

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis-unstable can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis-unstable moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,

  • wait for the next point release (due 2021-10-22 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,

  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or

  • build your own set of packages (see build-debian-packages).

Lines of packages:

Rilis

Versi

Deskripsi

Repositori

Latest Release

3.20.x Odense ​

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release

Long Term Release Repository

3.16.x Hannover LTR

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr

Development Version

3.21 master

Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly

Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly

5(1,2,3,4,5,6)

nightlies are debug builds (including debug output)

Next point release: 2021-10-22 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2021-10-22 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on Peta Jalan)

Supported distribution versions:

Distribution

Versi

Codename

Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies?

Debian

11.x

bullseye

10.x

buster 6

sid

unstable

Ubuntu

21.10

impish

21.04 (LTS)

hirsute

20.10

groovy

20.04 (LTS)

focal

ya

18.04 (LTS)

bionic 7

ya

6

only up to 3.18 (GDAL too old for 3.20 in buster)

7

only up to 3.18 (python too old for 3.20 in bionic)

Add the lines for one of the repositories to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian unstable:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian unstable main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server, type:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis-server --no-install-recommends --no-install-suggests
# if you want to install server Python plugins
apt install python-qgis

Catatan

Silakan hapus semua paket QGIS dan GRASS Anda mungkin telah dipasang dari repositori lain sebelum melakukan pembaruan.

Dalam kasus eror keyserver menambahkan kunci publik repositori qgis.org ke keyring apt, ketik

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint 46B5721DBBD2996A

Should output:

pub   rsa4096 2021-08-09 [SCEA] [expires: 2022-08-09]
      2445 D6B2 54DA C452 A498  989E 46B5 721D BBD2 996A
uid           [ultimate] QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2021) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>

After you have verified the fingerprint you can add the key to apt with:

gpg --export --armor 46B5721DBBD2996A | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Alternatively you can download the key from a keyserver and add the key to apt in without manual fingerprint verification:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Fedora

Dapatkan paket Fedora dengan mengetik:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions or the latest LTR, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

QGIS stabil

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

Distribution

Versi

Versi QGIS

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

33

3.20

7.8

34

3.20

7.8

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Long Term Release)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

Distribution

Versi

Versi QGIS

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

33

3.16

7.8

34

3.16

7.8

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Coba repositori ELGIS: http://elgis.argeo.org/

Catatan

ELGIS membutuhkan repo EPEL diaktifkan, lihat http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS#Note_about_Fedora.2C_ELGIS_and_EPEL

Mandriva

QGIS stabil

Sekarang:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

Arch Linux

QGIS stabil

Arch Linux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with:

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

QGIS Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

Pengujian QGIS

QGIS testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Flatpak

There is an QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available, maintained by the flathub community.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

To install:

flatpak install --from  https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

On certain distributions, you may also need to install xdg-desktop-portal or xdg-desktop-portal-gtk packages in order for file dialogs to appear.

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis and report issues here: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis/issues

Note: if you need to install additional Python modules, because they are needed by a plugin, you can install the module with (here installing the urllib3 module):

flatpak run --command=pip3 org.qgis.qgis install urllib3 --user

Mac OS X / macOS

Official All-in-one, signed installers for macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer can be downloaded from the QGIS download page.

Alternative builds supporting macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer are available from kyngchaos.com

QGIS nightly release

A nightly updated standalone installer from QGIS master can be downloaded from here.

Old releases

Previous releases of the official installer can be downloaded from https://qgis.org/downloads/macOS/.

Previous releases of the kyngchaos installer can be downloaded from https://www.kyngchaos.com/software/archive/. The oldest installers support macOS 10.4 Tiger.

FreeBSD

QGIS stabil

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

QGIS LTR

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis-ltr

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis-ltr
make install clean

Android

An old and deprecated not touch optimised release of QGIS for Android can be found on the google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Peringatan

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

Peringatan Pengujian QGIS

Peringatan

Paket QGIS versi ujicoba disediakan untuk beberapa platform selain QGIS versi stabil. Pengujian QGIS berisi perangkat lunak yang belum pernah dirilis yang saat ini sedang dikerjakan. Mereka hanya diberikan menguji tujuan untuk pengadopsi awal memeriksa apakah bug telah diselesaikan dan bahwa tidak ada bug baru diperkenalkan. Meskipun kita hati-hati mencoba untuk menghindari pecah, mungkin pada waktu tertentu tidak bekerja, atau mungkin melakukan hal-hal buruk untuk data Anda. Berhati-hatilah. Anda telah diperingatkan!

Installing from Source

Refer to INSTALL on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.