Registro de cambios para QGIS 2.8

Este es el registro de cambio para el siguiente lanzamiento de QGIS - versión 2.8 “ Wien”. Wien es “Viena” en alemán - la ciudad anfitriona de nuestro encuentro de desarrolladores en noviembre 2009 y de nuevo en marzo 2014.

Lanzamiento de Largo Plazo

This is a special release since it is designated an “LTR” (Long Term Release). LTR releases will be supported with backported bug fixes for one year, and will be in permanent feature freeze (i.e. no new features will be added, only bug fixes and trivial updates).

The purpose of LTR releases is to provide a stable and less frequently changing platform for enterprises and organisations that do not want to deal with updating user skills, training materials etc. more than once per year. The success of the LTR is very much down to you, our beloved users - we need your support to help funding bug fixes and making sure in your support contracts with support providers specify that any bug fixes done on your behalf are applied to the LTR branch as well as our normal development branch.

If an LTR is important to you, please consider also directly supporting the QGIS project, or encourage your commercial provider to use LTR as a basis for your enterprise solution so that everyone may benefit from a stable platform that is being continuously improved and refined. Note that for users and organisations that like to live on the frontier, our regular four monthly releases will continue unabated.

Nuevas Características

QGIS 2.8 is also a special release because it includes so many great new features, tweaks and enhancements to make the most popular Free desktop GIS even more feature filled and useful.

Whenever new features are added to software they introduce the possibility of new bugs - if you encounter any problems with this release, please file a ticket on the QGIS Bug Tracker.


Nos gustaría agradecer a los desarrolladores, documentadores, probadores y a las muchas personas que ofrecen su tiempo y esfuerzo voluntario (o financian a personas que lo hacen).

From the QGIS community we hope you enjoy this release! If you wish to donate time, money or otherwise get involved in making QGIS more awesome, please wander along to and lend a hand!

Finalmente nos gustaría agradecer a nuestros patrocinadores oficiales por el soporte financiero invalorable que proveen a este proyecto:

A current list of donors who have made financial contributions large and small to the project can be seen on our donors list. If you would like to become an official project sponsor, please visit our sponsorship page for details. Sponsoring QGIS helps us to fund our six monthly developer meetings, maintain project infrastructure and fund bug fixing efforts.

If you enjoy using QGIS, please consider making a donation to support the project - either financial or of your time and skills! Lastly we would like to also take a moment to encourage you to fund a special campaign by one of our QGIS developers to get a working test suite for QGIS so that we can improve out quality assurance process and deliver you the best possible releases.

QGIS es un software Libre y no está bajo ninguna obligación de pagar nada por usarlo - de hecho queremos animar a la gente a usarlo sin importar el estado financiero o social que tenga - creemos que el empoderamiento de la gente con herramientas de toma de decisiones espaciales resultará en una mejor sociedad para toda la humanidad.


Característica: Ingrese expresiones en las cajas de girado

When editing attributes in the attribute table or forms, you can now enter expressions directly into spin boxes, e.g. 5 * 2.5 and they will be automatically evaluated.

Característica: Pueden importarse/exportarse marcadores

It is now possible to save / load your bookmarks to a file. This makes it easy to share bookmarked locations, or transfer them between computers.

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Salvatore Larosa

Característica: Mejoras a expresiones

  • Integer division produces a double when required: Previously dividing two integers in an expression would always result in an integer value, i.e. 5 / 2 = 2. Now the result will always be double when required, so 5 / 2 = 2.5, which is much more expected for users. A new integer divide operator - // has been added to mimic the old behaviour, i.e. 5 // 2 = 2.
  • Nueva función “if()”: Ahora existe una nueva expresión if(cond, true, false)
  • Evaluación floja para expresiones
  • Added get and transform geometry: These new keywords can be used with getFeature for some geometry tests like intersects, crosses, contains, etc.
  • geometry - retorna la geometría de un objeto espacial
  • transform - devuelve la geometría transformada

Feature: Continuous testing framework and QA improvements

In our ongoing quest to improve the stability and quality of QGIS, every commit is now tested against a growing test suite to identify regressions automatically. In the image on the right you can see the list of incoming pull requests on our GitHub page are now automatically annotated with a check or cross based on whether our test suite successfully ran on when the pull request is made or updated.

We are also now regularly performing Coverity scans of QGIS codebase. As a result of this, we have identified and fixed over 1000 flagged issues, including memory leaks and potential crashes. QGIS has a defect density of 0.01 wheras the average for programs of similar size is about 1.0.

Herramientas de análisis

Característica: Mejoras al diálogo de medición

The measure tool has been improved so that you can now select which units should be used in the measure dialog. There is also a new info section in the dialog that shows which settings are being used during measurement calculations.


Navegador más responsivo

In the QGIS Browser items are now expanded in their own threads, speeding up the load time of the browser and making the browser more responsive. Navigating PostGIS sources is now much faster in the browser. The animated snapshot to the right (click image to see the animation) shows the loading of two slow WMS servers in parallel . The browser’s state (tree expansion) is restored on startup.

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Radim Blazek

Proveedores de Datos

Característica: Soporte para gráficos leyenda WMS contextuales

If your WMS server supports contextual legends, you can make use of them in QGIS now too. Contextual legends are getLegendGraphic requests which return only the relevant legend for your current view extent, and thus do not include legend items for things you can’t see in the current map.

Esta característica fue financiada por: Regione Toscana

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Faunalia

Gestión de datos

Característica: Prefijos personalizados para uniones

You can now define a custom prefix in the joins manager in the layer properties dialog. When using a prefix, the attribute table in will show joined attribute names with your preferred prefix.

Característica: Soporte para la creación de capas temporales de memoria

This release add support for creating new temporary scratch layers within QGIS core. Scratch layers can be created in the Layer --> Create layer --> New Temporary Scratch Layer menu option.

Característica: Soporte para cálculos en filas seleccionadas

En la tabla de atributo ahora puede hacer cálculos en las filas seleccionadas solo gracias al nuevo botón adicionado a la barra de la calculadora de campo.


Característica: Herramientas avanzadas de digitalización

If you ever wished you could digitise lines exactly parallel or at right angles, lock lines to specific angles and so on in QGIS, now you can! The advanced digitizing tools is a port of the CADinput plugin and adds a new panel to QGIS. The panel becomes active when capturing new geometries or geometry parts

Característica: Herramienta simplificar mejorada

La herramienta simplificar ha sido revisada, adicionando:

  • Soporte reproyección al vuelo
  • el usuario puede especificar la tolerancia exacta (no sólo un valor relativo disparatado)
  • tolerancia puede ser especificada tanto en unidades de mapas, unidades de capa o píxeles
  • definiciones de tolerancia se almacenan en configuración
  • simplificar múltiples entidades a la vez (arrastre un rectángulo en vez de solamente pinchar)
  • soporte para entidades multipartes
  • estadística sobre la reducción del número de vértices

Esta característica fue financiada por: Tracks for Africa

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Lutra Consulting en cooperación con Kartoza

Característica: Mejoras del alineado

There is a new snapping mode : snap to all layers which makes it quick to enable snapping between all layers. Also the underlying snapping architecture of QGIS has been overhauled making snapping much faster on large projects and improving the precision with which snapping takes place. ​There’s also less confusion with snapping tolerances being to map units or layer units, so those anticipated 1 metre tolerances don’t become 1 degree tolerances without you knowing.

Esta característica fue financiada por: ` Ville de Vevey, SITNyon <>`_ y Grupo de Usuarios QGIS Suiza

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Lutra Consulting

Leyenda de Capa

Característica: Representación de leyenda como un árbol, mostrar basado en reglas

Advanced users who leverage QGIS’s rule based renderer system will be pleased to see that the rules are now presented as a tree in the legend. Better still, each node in the tree can be toggled on/off individually providing for great flexibility in which sublayers get rendered in your map.

Esta característica fue financiada por: SIGE

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Lutra Consulting en cooperación con Kartoza

Diseñador de Mapa

Característica: Mejoras del IGU del Diseñador

  • View menu option to hide bounding boxes. This allows users to hide the bounding boxes for selected items within a composition. It’s a handy feature for allowing interaction with items while previewing exactly how they will look when the composition is exported, without large boxes blocking the view.
  • Modo pantalla completa para diseñador
  • Option to toggle display of panels in composer, available by both the view menu, using the shortcut F10 and by pressing Tab when the composer canvas is selected. It’s useful for maximising the space when planning a map layout.

Característica: Mejoras grid

In the composer you now have finer control of frame and annotation display. Previously, for rotated maps or reprojected grids, the composer would draw all coordinates for every map side. This resulted in a mix of latitude/y and longitude/x coordinates showing on a side. Now you can control whether you want all coordinates, latitude only or longitude only for each map frame side. Similar options have also been added for controlling how a map grid frame is divided.

New vertical descending direction for annotations. This change adds a new descending vertical direction mode for map grid annotations. Previously only ascending text was supported for vertical annotations.

Característica: Márgenes de elementos etiqueta

  • You can now control both horizontal and vertical margins for label items. Previously only a single margin setting would apply to both horizontal and vertical margins. This change allows users to specify different horizontal and vertical margins.
  • You can now specify negative margins for label items, allowing text to be drawn slightly outside of a label item’s bounds. This is desirable for aligning label items with other items while allowing for optical margin alignment for the label type.


Característica: mejoras a consola Python

You can now drag and drop python scripts into QGIS window and they will be executed automatically. We also added a toolbar icon to the plugins toolbar and a shortcut ( Ctrl-Alt-P ) for quick access to the python console.


Característica: Nuevo tipo de parámetro del predicado geométrico

With this new parameter type, used in Select by location, Extract by location and Join attributes by location algorithms, the user can select precisely the spatial operator to use.

Esta característica fue financiada por: Ministerio Francés de Ecología, Desarrollo Sustentable y Energía

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Camptocamp

Característica: Nuevos algoritmos

Varios nuevos algoritmos han sido adicionados al marco de procesamiento:

  • Algoritmo puntos regulares (atiende #5953)
  • Algoritmo diferencia simétrica (atiende #5953)
  • Algoritmo división vector (atiende #5953)
  • Algoritmo cuadrícula vector (atiende #5953)
  • Algoritmo de cálculo de curvas hipsométricas
  • Dividir líneas con líneas
  • Refactor fields attributes manipulation algorithm


Característica: Adicionar funcionalidad comentario a expresiones

Se pueden agregar ahora comentarios a las expresiones usando un prefijo -- de estilo SQL.

Característica: Editor de función de expresión personalizado

You can now define custom expression functions in the expression widget. See this blog post for more details.

Característica: Soporte Qt5

QGIS ahora puede construirse usando bibliotecas Qt5. Note que actualmente la mayoría de los binarios aún estarán con Qt4 por defecto.

Característica: Carga en masa de índice espacial

In the API we have added support for bulk loading of spatial index. This is much faster way of initializing a spatial index. From python it is as simple as:

index = QgsSpatialIndex( layer.getFeatures() )

De una simple prueba con 50K puntos en una capa memoria:

carga en masa ~ 100 ms

insertando características ~ 600 ms

El árbol índice también debería en teoría estar mejor construido y podría resultar en vistas más rápidas.

Característica: Ejecutar solo la parte seleccionada de una consulta SQL

In the DB Manager SQL editor, it is now possible to highlight a portion of the SQL and only that portion will be executed when you press F5 or click the run button

Servidor QGIS

Característica: Complementos servidor python

Python plugins support for QGIS server brings the power of python to server side, allowing for fast and efficient development and deployment of new features.

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Alessandro Pasotti (ItOpen)

Característica: Soporte para estilos de capa

  • Servidor QGIS ahora soporta estilos predefinidos de capa en pedidos GetMap
  • QGIS Server ahora soporta múltiples estilos en pedido GetStyles (vea sección simbología abajo)

Característica: Adiciona Método DescribeLayer a WMS

Styled Layer Descriptor profile of the Web Map Service : DescribeLayer

Defining a user-defined style requires information about the features being symbolized, or at least their feature/coverage type. Since user-defined styles can be applied to a named layer, there needs to be a mechanism by which a client can obtain feature/coverage-type information for a named layer. This is another example of bridging the gap between the WMS concepts of layers and styles and WFS/WCS concepts such as feature-type and coverage layer. To allow this, a WMS may optionally support the DescribeLayer request.

DescribeLayer method has been thought to be a better approach than overloading the WMS capabilities document even more.

For each named layer, the description should indicate if it is indeed based on feature data and if so it should indicate the WFS/WCS (by a URL prefix) and the feature/coverage types. Note that it is perfectly valid for a named layer not to be describable in this way.


Característica: Tipo de llenado de imagen ráster

This new symbol layer type allows for filling polygons with a (tiled) raster image.

Options include (data defined) file name, opacity, image size (in pixels, mm or map units), coordinate mode (feature or view), and rotation.

Característica: Renderizador vivo de mapa de calor

El nuevo visualizador mapa de calor de capa vector permite mapas de calor vivos, dinámicos para capas puntos.

Options include specifying heatmap radius in pixels, mm or map units, choice of color ramp,weighting points by field, and a slider for selecting a tradeoff between render speed and quality.

Característica: Múltiples estilos por capa

It is now possible to set multiple styles for a layer and then easily toggle between them. This functionality is available in the legend context menu --> styles sub-menu where it is possible to add/remove styles and quickly switch between them. Layer sets remember styles, and different styles can also be applied to individual composer map items. The multiple styles defined are also available when the project is served via QGIS Server as a WMS layer. For more information on this see also this blog post.

Esta característica fue financiada por: Regione Toscana

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Gis3W, Lutra Consulting

Característica: Más configuración de simbología definida por datos

The user interface for data defined symbology settings has been improved - moving the data defined option next to each data definable property (in keeping with other parts of QGIS such as the labeling properties). Also many new properties have been made data definable for symbology. This user interface improvement also provides a way to immediately see if a data defined override is defined as well as easier access to the data-defined settings.

Característica: Exportación DXF: mejora exportación símbolo marcador

The exporter functionality for DXF files has been improved, with better fidelity of exported marker symbols to the original QGIS symbology.

Característica: Rotación de mapa en tela, rotación mejorada en diseñador

This release includes preliminary support for rotation in the map canvas. You can rotate the canvas using the new rotation widget in the status bar. Rotation support has been extended into the map composer too so that it correctly handles labelling and symbology, etc.

Esta característica fue financiada por: Japan Space Imaging Corporation (JSI)

Esta característica fue desarrollada por: Faunalia

Interfaz de usuario

Característica: Selección de proyección mejorada/consistente

All dialogs now use a consistent projection selection widget, which allows for quickly selecting from recently used and standard project/QGIS projections.